KEY TO COLOURS:
Blue = Selected characters name appears
Green = Message from Allah/ Messengers
Gold = Sayings of the selected character
Purple = “Say” (to the believers)
Light Blue = Prophets/believers
Red = Words of disbelievers/those in error
A thick line “____” represents within the same Surah, more references of the selected character.
Jacob - (Yakub)
And Abraham enjoined his sons and Jacob:
“O my sons, God has selected the system for you, so do not die except as ones who have submitted.”
Or were you present when death came to Jacob and he said to his sons:
“Who shall you serve from after me?”
“Your god, and the god of your fathers Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac; One god and to Him we submit.”
That is a nation that has passed away; to them is what they have earned, and to you is what you have earned; and you will not be asked regarding what they did.
And they said:
“Be Jewish or Nazarenes so that you may be guided!”
“No, rather the creed of Abraham, monotheism; for he was not of the polytheists.”
“We believe in God and in what was sent down to us and what was sent down to Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Patriarchs, and what was given to Moses and Jesus, and what was given to the prophets from their Lord; we do not make a distinction between any of them and to Him we submit.”
So, if they believe exactly as you have believed, then they are guided; but if they turn away, then they are in opposition and God will suffice you against them, and He is the Hearer, the Knower. Such is the coloring of God, and who is better than God in coloring? And to Him we are in service.
“Do you debate with us regarding God? He is our Lord and your Lord, and we have our works and you have your works, and to Him we are believers. Or do you say that Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Patriarchs were Jewish or Nazarenes?”
“Are you more knowledgeable or is God?”
Who is more wicked than the one who conceals a testimony with him from God? God is not unaware of what you do. That is a nation that has passed away; to them is what they have earned, and to you is what you have earned; and you will not be asked regarding what they did.
“We believe in God and what was sent down to us and what was sent down to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Patriarchs, and what was given to Moses and Jesus and the prophets from their Lord. We do not make a distinction between any of them, and to Him we submit.”
And We granted him Isaac and Jacob, both of whom We guided; and Noah We guided from before; and from his progeny is David, and Solomon, and Job, and Joseph, and Moses, and Aaron. It is such that We recompense the good doers.
And his wife was standing, so she laughed when We gave her the good news of Isaac, and after Isaac, Jacob.
When Joseph said to his father:
“My father, I have seen eleven planets and the sun and the moon, I saw them prostrating to me.”
“O my son, do not tell your vision to your brothers, or they will plan against you. The devil is to man a clear enemy.”
And as such, your Lord has chosen you, and He teaches you the interpretation of the narrations, and He completes His blessings upon you and upon the descendants of Jacob, as He completed it for your fathers before that, Abraham and Isaac.
Your Lord is Knowledgeable, Wise.
In Joseph and his brothers are signs for those who seek.
For they said:
“Joseph and his brother are more loved by our father than us, while we are a numerous group. Our father is clearly misguided. Kill Joseph or cast him in the land, so that the face of your father will be only for you, and after that you can be an upright people.”
One among them said:
“Do not kill Joseph, but if you are going to do a thing, then cast him into the bottom of the well, so that anyone traveling by will pick him up.”
“Our father, why do you not trust us with Joseph? And we will be giving him advice. Send him with us tomorrow to enjoy himself and play, and we will take care of him.”
“It saddens me that you should take him, and I fear that the wolf will eat him if you will be absent of him.”
“If the wolf eats him, while we are a numerous group, then we are the losers.”
So, when they went with him they had agreed to place him into the bottom of the well.
And We inspired to him:
“You will inform them of this act of theirs while they will not expect it.”
And they came to their father in the evening, crying.
“Our father, we went to race and left Joseph by our things, and the wolf ate him! But you would not believe us even if we were truthful.”
And they came with his shirt stained in false blood.
“You have invented this tale yourselves. So sweet patience, and God is sought for help against what you describe.”
“And I have followed the creed of my fathers Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob. It was not for us to set up partners with God at all. That is the blessings of God over us and over the people, but most of the people are not thankful.”
So when they returned to their father, they said:
“Our father, we have been banned from getting anymore measure of grain, so send our brother with us so we may be given a measure of grain, and we will be his guardians.”
“Shall I trust him with you as I trusted you with Joseph before that? God is the best guardian, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.”
So when they opened their baggage, they found their goods had been returned to them,
and they said:
“Our father, what more can we desire, these are our goods returned to us, so we can get more for our family, and be guardians over our brother, and increase a measure of grain to load a camel. That is truly an easy measure!”
“I will not send him with you until you come to me with a covenant to God that you will bring him back unless you are completely overtaken.”
So when they brought him their covenant,
“God is placed in trust over what we say.”
And he said:
“My sons, do not enter from one gate, but enter from separate gates; and I cannot avail you anything against God, for the judgment is to God. In Him I place my trust, and in Him those who place their trust should trust.”
And when they entered from where their father had commanded them, it would not have availed them in the least against God, but it was out of a concern in the soul of Jacob that he brought out. And he is with knowledge for what We taught him, but most of the people do not know.
So when they gave-up from him, they held a conference in private.
The eldest of them said:
“Did you not know that your father has taken a covenant over you with God, and before this you also failed in your duty with Joseph? I will not leave this land until my father permits me to do so or that God will judge for me. He is the best of judges.”
“Return to your father, and tell him:
“Our father, your son has stolen, and we did not witness except what we learned, and we could not know the unseen!”
“And ask the people of the town which we were in, and the caravan which we have returned with. We are being truthful.”
“No, for it is your own souls that have conspired you to this.
So patience is most fitting, perhaps God will bring them all to me. He is the Knowledgeable, the Wise.”
And he turned away from them and said:
“Oh, my sorrow over Joseph.”
And his eyes turned white from sadness, and he became blind.
“By God, you will never cease to remember Joseph until you become senile or become dead!”
“I merely complain my grief and sorrow to God, and I know from God what you do not know. My sons, go and inquire about Joseph and his brother, and do not despair from the spirit of God. The only ones who would despair from the spirit of God
are the people who are rejecters.”
“Take this shirt of mine and cast it over the face of my father, and he will have sight; and bring to me all your family.”
And when the caravan departed, their father said:
“I do indeed feel the scent of Joseph, except that you may think me senile.”
“By God, you are back to your old misguidance.”
Then, when the bearer of good news came, he cast it over his face and he regained sight.
“Did I not tell you that I know from God what you do not know?”
“Our father, ask forgiveness for our sins, indeed we were wrongdoers.”
“I will ask forgiveness for you from my Lord, He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.”
So when they entered upon Joseph, he took his parents to him and
“Enter Egypt, God willing, in security.”
And he raised his parents upon the throne, and they fell in prostration to Him.
And he said:
“My father, this is the interpretation of my vision from before.
My Lord has made it true, and He has been good to me that he took me out of prison and brought you out of the wilderness
after the devil had made bitterness between me and my brothers. My Lord is Kind to whom He wills.
He is the Knowledgeable, the Wise.”
“And I fear the kinfolk after I am gone, and my wife is infertile, so grant me from Yourself an ally. To inherit from me, and inherit from the descendants of Jacob. And make him my Lord, well pleasing.”
So when he abandoned them and what they served besides God, We granted him Isaac and Jacob, and each of them We made a prophet.
And We granted him Isaac and Jacob afterward, and each of them We made a good doer. And We made them leaders who guide by Our command, and We inspired them to do good works and hold the contact prayer and contribute towards purification, and they were in service to Us.
And We granted him Isaac and Jacob, and We made within his progeny the prophethood and the Book. And We gave him his reward in this world, and in the Hereafter he is among the righteous.
And recall Our servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. They were resourceful, and with vision. We had chosen them to enforce awareness of the Hereafter. And they are with Us of the elite, the best.