KEY TO COLOURS:
Blue = Selected characters name appears
Green = Message from Allah/ Messengers
Gold = Sayings of the selected character
Purple = “Say” (to the believers)
Light Blue = Prophets/believers
Red = Words of disbelievers/those in error
A thick line “____” represents within the same Surah, more references of the selected character.
David - (Dawud)
So when Saul set out with the soldiers,
“God will test you with a river, whoever drinks from it is not with me, and whoever does not taste from it except one scoop with his hand is with me.”
They all drank from it, except for a few of them.
So when he and those who believed with him crossed it,
“We have no power today against Goliath and his soldiers!”
But the ones who understood that they would meet God said:
“How many a time has a small group beaten a large group
with the permission of God, and God is with the patient ones!”
And when they came forth to Goliath and his soldiers,
“Our Lord grant us patience, and make firm our foothold,
and grant us victory over the disbelieving people.”
So they defeated them with the permission of God,
and David killed Goliath, and God gave him the kingship and the wisdom and taught him what he wished.
And if it were not for God defending the people against themselves, then the earth would have long been corrupted;
but God has bestowed grace upon the worlds.
We have inspired you as We had inspired Noah
and the prophets after him. And We had inspired Abraham,
and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Patriarchs,
and Jesus, and Job, and Jonah, and Aaron, and Solomon;
and We gave David the Psalms.
Cursed are those who have rejected from among the Children of Israel by the tongue of David and Jesus, son of Mary.
That is for what they have disobeyed, and for what they transgressed.
And We granted him Isaac and Jacob, both of whom We guided; and Noah We guided from before; and from his progeny is David,
and Solomon, and Job, and Joseph, and Moses, and Aaron.
It is such that We recompense the good doers.
And your Lord is fully aware of who is in the heavens and the earth. And We have preferred some prophets over others,
and We gave David the Psalms.
And David and Solomon, when they gave judgment in the case of the crop that was damaged by the sheep of the people,
and We were witness to their judgment.
So We gave Solomon the correct understanding,
and both of them We have given wisdom and knowledge.
And We commissioned the mountains with David to praise,
and the birds. This is what We did.
And We taught him the making of armor for you
to protect you from your enemy.
Are you then thankful?
And We bestowed upon David and Solomon knowledge,
and they both said:
“Praise be to God who preferred us over many of His believing servants.”
And Solomon inherited from David, and he said:
“O people, we have been taught how to understand the speech of the creatures that fly, and we have been given from everything. This is indeed an evident grace.”
He (Solomon) then smiled, amused by what she said.
And he said:
“My Lord, help me to be thankful for the blessings
You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents,
and that I may do good works that please You,
and admit me by Your mercy with Your righteous servants.”
And We granted David blessings from Us:
O mountains, glorify with him, and the birds.
And We softened the iron for him. That you may make armor coats that fit perfectly, and work righteousness.
For I am Seer of what you do.
They made for him what he desired of enclosures,
and images and pools of deep reservoirs, and heavy pots.
O family of David, work to give thanks. Only a few of My servants are thankful.
Be patient to what they say, and recall Our servant David, the resourceful. He was obedient.
We commissioned the mountains to glorify with him, at dusk and dawn. And the birds were gathered; all were obedient to him. And We strengthened his kingship, and We gave him the wisdom and the ability to make sound judgment.
Did the news come to you of the disputing party who came over into the temple enclosure?
When they entered upon David, he was startled by them.
“Have no fear. We are two who have disputed, and one has wronged the other, so judge between us with the truth,
and do not wrong us, and guide us to the right path.”
“This is my brother and he owns ninety-nine lambs,
while I own one lamb; so he said to me: “
‘Let me take care of it and he pressured me.”
“He has wronged you by asking to combine your lamb with his lambs. And many who mix their properties take advantage of one another, except those who believe and do good works, and these are very few.”
And David guessed that We had tested him, so he sought forgiveness from his Lord, and fell down kneeling, and repented. So We forgave him in this matter.
And for him with Us is a near position, and a beautiful abode.
O David, We have made you a successor on the earth.
Therefore, you shall judge among the people with the truth,
and do not follow desire, lest it diverts you from the path of God. Indeed, those who stray off the path of God will have a severe retribution for forgetting the Day of Reckoning. And We did not create the heaven and the earth, and everything between them, in vain. Such is the thinking of those who rejected. Therefore, woe to those who have rejected from the Fire. Or shall We treat those who believe and do good works as We treat those who make corruption on the earth?
Or shall We treat the righteous as the wicked?
A Book that We have sent down to you, that is blessed,
so that they may reflect upon its revelations,
and so that those who possess intelligence will take heed.
And to David We granted Solomon.
What an excellent and obedient servant.