KEY TO COLOURS:
Blue = Selected characters name appears
Green = Message from Allah/ Messengers
Gold = Sayings of the selected character
Purple = “Say” (to the believers)
Light Blue = Prophets/believers
Red = Words of disbelievers/those in error
A thick line “____” represents within the same Surah, more references of the selected character.
Jesus - (Issa)
And We gave Moses the Book, and after him We sent the messengers. And We gave Jesus, son of Mary, the clear proofs, and We supported him with the Holy Spirit.
Is it that every time a messenger comes to you
with what your souls do not desire, you become arrogant?
A group of them you deny, and a group of them you kill!
And they said:
“God has taken a son!”
Be He glorified.
To Him is all that is in the heavens and the earth, all are dutiful to Him.
“We believe in God and in what was sent down to us
and what was sent down to Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Patriarchs, and what was given to Moses and Jesus, and what was given to the prophets from their Lord; we do not make a distinction between any of them
and to Him we submit.”
Such messengers, We have preferred some over others; some of them talked to God, and He raised some of them in rank, and We gave Jesus, son of Mary,
the clear proofs and We supported him with the Holy Spirit.
And had God wished, the people after them would not have fought after the proofs had come to them, but they disputed,
some of them believed and some of them rejected.
If God had wished they would not have fought,
but God does what He pleases.
And the angels said:
“O Mary, God gives you glad tidings of a word from Him.
His name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary. Honorable in this world and in the Hereafter, and from among those who are made close. And he will speak to the people from the cradle and to middle age, and is from among the upright.”
“My Lord, how can I have a son when no human being has been with me?”
“It is thus that God creates what He wills, when He decrees a command,
He merely says to it ‘Be,’ and it is.”
And He teaches him the Book and the Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel.
And as a messenger to the Children of Israel:
“I have come to you with a sign from your Lord; that I create for you from clay the form of a bird, then I blow into it and it becomes a bird with the permission of God, and I heal the blind and the lepers, and give life to the dead with the permission of God, and I prophesize for you what you shall eat
and what to store in your homes. In that is a sign for you if you are believers. And authenticating what is between my hands of the Torah, and to make lawful some of that which was made unlawful to you; and I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so be aware of God and obey me.”
“God is my Lord and your Lord, so serve Him, this is a straight path.”
So when Jesus felt their rejection, he said:
“Who are my supporters to God?”
The disciples said:
“We are the supporters of God, we believe in God and we bear witness that we have submitted. Our Lord, we believe in what You have sent down, and followed the messenger, so record us with those who bear witness.”
And they schemed and God schemed, but God is the best schemer.
For God said:
“O Jesus, I will terminate your life, and raise you to Me, and cleanse you of those who have rejected, and make those who have followed you above those who have rejected until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, all of you,
so I will judge between you in what it was that you disputed.”
“As for those who have rejected, I will punish them severely in this world and in the Hereafter, they will have no supporters.”
“And as for those who have believed and have done good works, We will pay them their recompense;
God does not love the wicked.”
This We recite to you from the revelations and the wise reminder. The example of Jesus with God is similar to that of Adam; He created him from dust, then
He said to him “Be” and he was.
The truth is from your Lord, so do not be of those who doubt.
Whoever debates with you in this after the knowledge has come to you, then say:
“Let us call our children and your children, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves, then,
let us invoke and make the curse of God upon the liars.”
This is the narration of truth, there is no god except God; and God is the Noble, the Wise.
And if they turn away, then God is aware of the corrupters.
And for their rejection and their saying about Mary a great falsehood.
And their saying:
“We have killed the Messiah,
Jesus, son of Mary, messenger of God!”
And they had not killed him, nor crucified him, but it appeared to them as if they had.And those who dispute are in doubt regarding him, they have no knowledge except to follow conjecture; they did not kill him for a certainty. Instead, God had raised him to Himself; and God is Noble, Wise.
And from the people of the Book are those who refused to believe in him before his death, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be witness against them.
Because of the wickedness from among those who are Jewish, We made unlawful to them the good things that were lawful to them; and for their deterring many from the path of God. And for their taking of usury, while they were prohibited from doing so, and for their consuming the money of the people unjustly. We have prepared for the disbelievers among them a painful retribution. But those of them who are well founded in knowledge, and the believers, they believe in what was sent down to you and what was sent down before you;
and those who hold the contact prayer, and those who contribute towards purification, and those who believe in God and the Last Day; to these We will give them their recompense greatly. We have inspired you as We had inspired Noah and the prophets after him. And We had inspired Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Patriarchs, and Jesus,
and Job, and Jonah, and Aaron, and Solomon;
and We gave David the Psalms.
O people of the Book, do not overstep in your system, nor say about God except the truth.
Jesus, son of Mary, was no more than a messenger of God and the fulfillment of His word to Mary and a Spirit from Him.
So believe in God and His messengers,
and do not say:
Cease, for it is better for you.
God is only One god, be He glorified that He should have a son!
To Him is all that is in the heavens and the earth; and God is enough as a Caretaker. The Messiah is not too proud to be a servant to God, nor are the angels who are close to Him.
Whoever is too proud from His service, and is arrogant,
then He will gather them all towards Him together.
As for those who believe and do good works,
He will give them their recompense and increase for them
from His bounty. And as for those who are too proud and arrogant, He will punish them a painful retribution,
and they will not find besides God any supporter or victor.
Rejecters indeed are those who have said:
“God is the Messiah, son of Mary.”
“Who has any power against God if He had wanted to destroy the Messiah, son of Mary, and his mother, and all who are on the earth!”
And to God is the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth
and all that is in-between; He creates what He pleases.
God is capable of all things.
And We sent in their footsteps Jesus, son of Mary,
authenticating what was present with him of the Torah.
And We gave him the Gospel, in it is a guidance and a light,
and authenticating what was present with him of the Torah,
and a guidance and a lesson for the righteous.
Rejecters indeed are those who have said:
“God is the Messiah, son of Mary.”
And the Messiah said:
“O Children of Israel, serve God, my Lord and your Lord.
Whoever sets up partners with God, then God will restrict the Paradise from him, and his destiny will be the Fire;
and the wicked will have no supporters.”
Rejecters indeed are those who have said:
“God is a trinity!”
There is no god except One god. If they do not cease from what they are saying, then those who reject from among them will be afflicted with a painful retribution. Would they not repent to God and seek His forgiveness? God is Forgiving, Merciful. The Messiah, son of Mary, is no more than a messenger; like whom messengers have passed away;
and his mother was trustworthy, they used to eat the food.
See how We clarify the signs for them,
then see how they deviate.
“Do you serve other than God what cannot harm you or benefit you?”
God is the Hearer, the Knower.
“O people of the Book, do not overstep in your system other than the truth, and do not follow the desires of a people
who have been misguided before, and they misguide many;
and they strayed from the right path.”
Cursed are those who have rejected from among the Children of Israel by the tongue of David and Jesus, son of Mary.
That is for what they have disobeyed,
and for what they transgressed.
“O Jesus, son of Mary, recall My blessings upon you and your mother, that I supported you with the Holy Spirit; you spoke to the people in the cradle and middle-age; and I taught you the Book and the wisdom, and the Torah, and the Gospel;
and you would create from clay the shape of a bird,
then blow into it and it becomes a bird with My permission;
and you would heal the blind and the leaper with My permission; and you would bring out the dead with My permission. And I have restrained the Children of Israel from you, that you came to them with proofs;
but those who rejected among them said:
‘This is clearly magic!’”
And I inspired the disciples:
‘You shall believe in Me and My messenger;’
‘We believe, and bear witness that we have submitted.’”
And the disciples said:
“O Jesus, son of Mary,
can your Lord send down for us a feast from the heaven?”
“Be aware of God if you are believers.”
“We want to eat from it and so our hearts become relieved, and so we know that you are truthful, and so that we can become a witness over it.”
Jesus, son of Mary, said:
“Our god, our Lord, send down to us a feast from the heaven,
that it becomes a joy to us from the first to the last,
and a sign from You, and provide for us, you are the best provider.”
“I will send it down to you, but whoever rejects after this from among you, I will punish him a punishment
like no one else from the worldswill be punished!”
And God will say:
“O Jesus, son of Mary, did you tell the people to take you and your mother as gods other than God?”
“Glory to you, I cannot say what I have no right of. If I had said it then You know it, You know what is in my self while I do not know what is in Your self. You are the Knower of the unseen.”
“I only said to them what You commanded me to say,
that you shall serve God my Lord and your Lord;
and I was witness over them as long as I was with them,
but when You terminated my life, You were watcher over them. You are witness over all things.”
“If You punish them, then they are Your servants,
and if You forgive them, then You are the Noble, the Wise.”
God will say:
“This is a Day when the truth will benefit the truthful;
they will have estates with rivers flowing beneath them,
abiding therein eternally; God has become pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. Such is the greatest victory.”
To God is the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth
and all that is in them; and He is capable of all things.
And Zachariah and John, and Jesus, and Elias; all were from the upright.
Originator of the heavens and the earth, how can He have a son when He did not take a wife? And He created all things and He is knowledgeable in all things.
The Jews said:
“Ezra is the son of God,”
and the Nazarenes said:
“The Messiah is the son of God.”
Such is their utterances with their mouths, they imitate the sayings of those who rejected before them. God will fight them. They are deluded from the truth!
They have taken their Priests and Monks to be patrons besides God, and the Messiah, son of Mary,
while they were only commanded to serve One god,
there is no god except He, be He glorified against what they set up. They want to extinguish the light of God with their mouths, but God refuses such and lets His light continue,
even if the rejecters hate it.
“God has taken a son.”
Glory be to Him! He is the Rich. To Him is what is in the heavens and the earth. Do you have proof for this?
Or do you say about God what you do not know?
“Those who invent lies about God, they will not be successful.”
And relate in the Book, Mary, when she withdrew herself from her family to a place which was to the east.
So she took a barrier to separate her from them, so We sent Our Spirit to her, and he took on the shape of a human being in all similarity.
“I seek refuge with the Almighty from you if you are righteous.”
“I am the messenger of your Lord,
to grant you the gift of a pure son.”
“How can I have a son when no human being has been with me, nor have I desired such?”
“It is such that your Lord has said, it is easy for Me.
And We shall make him a sign for the people and a mercy from Us. It is a matter already ordained.”
So she was pregnant with him, and she went with him to a far place. Then the birth pains came to her, by the trunk of a palm tree.
“I wish I had died before this, and became totally forgotten!”
But then he called to her from beneath her:
“Do not be sad, your Lord has made below you a stream. And shake the trunk of this palm tree, it will cause ripe dates to fall upon you. So eat and drink and be happy.
If you see any human being,
‘I have vowed an abstinence for the Almighty,
so I will not talk today to any of mankind.’”
Then she came to her people carrying him.
“O Mary, you have come with a thing totally unexpected!”
“O sister of Aaron, your father was not a wicked man, and your mother has never been unchaste!”
So she pointed to him.
“How can we talk to someone who is a child in a cradle?”
“I am a servant of God, He has given me the Book and made me a prophet. And He has made me blessed wherever I am,
and He has charged me with the contact prayer and purification as long as I am alive.” “And to be dutiful to my mother, and He has not made me a mischievous tyrant.”
“And peace be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die,
and the Day I am resurrected alive.”
Such was Jesus, son of Mary,
and this is the truth of the matter in which they doubt.
God was never to take a son, be He glorified.
If He decrees a matter, then He simply says to it:
and it is.
And God is my Lord and your Lord, so serve Him.
This is a straight path. So the parties disputed between them.
Therefore, woe to those who have rejected from the scene of a terrible Day.
You have come with a gross blasphemy.
The heavens are about to shatter from it, and the earth crack open, and the mountains fall and crumble.
That they claimed that the Almighty had a son!
And what need does the Almighty have to take a son?
When all there is in the heavens and the earth
will come to the Almighty as servants.
And they said:
“The Almighty has taken a son!”
Be He glorified, they are all but honored servants.
They do not speak ahead of Him, and on His command they act.
And the one who protected her chastity,
so We blew into her from Our Spirit,
and We made her and her son a sign for the worlds.
And We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign,
and We gave them refuge on high ground,
a place for resting and with a flowing stream.
AL AHZAB -33
And when We took from the prophets their covenant.
And from you, and from Noah, and Abraham, and Moses, and Jesus, son of Mary;
We took from them a solemn covenant.
So that the truthful may be asked about their truthfulness,
and He has prepared for the rejecters a painful retribution.
He has decreed for you the same system He ordained for Noah, and what We inspired to you, and what We ordained for Abraham, Moses, and Jesus:
You shall uphold this system, and do not divide in it.
Intolerable for the polytheists is what you invite them towards. God chooses for Himself whoever He wills;
He guides to Himself those who repent.
And when the son of Mary was put forth as an example,
your people turned away from it.
And they said:
Our gods are better or is he?
They only put this forth to argue with you. Indeed, they are a quarrelsome people. He was no more than a servant whom We blessed, and We made him an example for the Children of Israel. And if We willed, We could have made some of you angels to be successors on the earth.
And he was a lesson for the Hour. So have no doubt about it.
And follow Me; this is a straight path.
And let not the devil repel you; he is to you a clear enemy.
And when Jesus came with the proofs, he said:
I have come to you with the wisdom,
and to clarify some of the matters in which you dispute.
So be aware of God and obey me. God is my Lord and your Lord. So serve Him. This is a straight path.
The groups disputed among themselves.
Woe to those who have been wicked from the retribution
of a painful Day. Do they only wait for the Hour to come to them suddenly, while they do not perceive?
Then We sent in their tracks Our messengers.
And We sent Jesus, son of Mary, and We gave him the Gospel,
and We ordained in the hearts of his followers kindness and mercy. But they invented Monasticism which We never decreed for them. They wanted to please God, but they did not observe it the way it should have been observed.
Consequently, We gave those who believed among them their recompense, while many of them were wicked.
And when Jesus, son of Mary, said:
O children of Israel, I am a messenger of God to you,
authenticating what is between my hands of the Torah
and bringing good news of a messenger to come after me
whose name will be most acclaimed.
But when he showed them the clear proofs, they said:
This is clearly magic
O you who believe, be supporters of God, as Jesus, son of Mary, said to his disciples:
Who are my supporters towards God?
The disciples said:
We are supporters of God.
Thus, a group from the Children of Israel believed, and another group rejected. So We supported those who believed against their enemy, and they were successful.