KEY TO COLOURS:
Blue = Selected characters name appears
Green = Message from Allah/ Messengers
Gold = Sayings of the selected character
Purple = “Say” (to the believers)
Light Blue = Prophets/believers
Red = Words of disbelievers/those in error
A thick line “____” represents within the same Surah, more references of the selected character.
Abraham - (Ibrahim)
And Abraham was tested by words from His Lord, which he fulfilled.
“I will make you a leader for the people.”
“And also from my progeny?”
“My pledge will not encompass the wicked.”
And We have made the Sanctuary to be a model for the people and a security.
And you shall take, from the station of Abraham, a place for making the contact.
And We entrusted to Abraham and Ishmael
“You shall purify My Sanctuary for those who visit, and those who are devoted, and the kneeling, the prostrating.”
And Abraham said:
“My Lord, make this a land of peace, and provide for its inhabitants of the fruits for whoever believes in God and the Last Day.”
“As for he who rejects, I will let him enjoy for a while, then I will force him to the retribution of the Fire. What a miserable destiny!”
And as Abraham raised from the Sanctuary its foundations, along with Ishmael:
“Our Lord accept this from us, You are the Hearer, the Knowledgeable.”
“Our Lord, and let us submit to You and from our progeny a nation submitting to You, and show us our rites, and forgive us;
You are the Forgiver, the Merciful.”
“Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from among themselves,
that he may recite to them Your revelations and teach them the Book and the wisdom, and purify them.
You are the Noble, the Wise.”
And who would abandon the creed of Abraham except one who fools himself?
We have selected him in this world, and in the Hereafter he is of the righteous.
When his Lord said to him:
“I submit to the Lord of the worlds.”
And Abraham enjoined his sons and Jacob:
“O my sons, God has selected the system for you, so do not die except as ones who have submitted.”
Or were you present when death came to
Jacob and he said to his sons:
“Who shall you serve from after me?”
“Your god, and the god of your fathers Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac; One god and to Him we submit.”
That is a nation that has passed away; to them is what they have earned, and to you is what you have earned;
and you will not be asked regarding what they did.
And they said:
“Be Jewish or Nazarenes so that you may be guided!”
“No, rather the creed of Abraham, monotheism; for he was not of the polytheists.”
“We believe in God and in what was sent down to us and what was sent down to Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Patriarchs, and what was given to Moses and Jesus, and what was given to the prophets from their Lord; we do not make a distinction between any of them and to Him we submit.”
“Or do you say that Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Patriarchs were Jewish or Nazarenes?”
“Are you more knowledgeable or is God?”
Who is more than the one who conceals a testimony with him from God?
God is not unaware of what you do.
Have you not noted him who debated with Abraham regarding his Lord,
while God had given him a kingship?
“My Lord is the One who gives life and death,”
“I bring life and death.”
“God brings the sun from the east, so you bring it from the west.”
The one who rejected was baffled! And God does not guide the wicked people.
And Abraham said:
“My Lord, show me how you resurrect the dead.”
“Do you not already believe?”
“I do, but it is so my heart can be relieved.”
“Choose four birds, then cut them, then place parts of the birds on each mountain, then call them to you; they will come racing towards you. And know that God is Noble, Wise.”
God has selected Adam, and Noah, and the family of Abraham, and the family of Imran over the worlds.
“O people of the Book, let us come to a common understanding between us and between you; that we serve none except God, and that we do not set up anything with Him, and that none of us takes each other as patrons besides God.”
If they turn away, then say:
“Bear witness that we have submitted.”
“O people of the Book, why do you debate with us regarding Abraham when the Torah and the Gospel were not sent down except after him? Do you not comprehend?”
Here you have debated in what you knew; so why then do you debate in what you do not know? And God knows while you do not know. Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Nazarene, but he was a monotheist who submitted; he was not of the polytheists. The most legitimate people to Abraham are those who followed him; and this prophet, and those who believed; and God is the supporter of the believers.
“We believe in God and what was sent down to us and what was sent down to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Patriarchs, and what was given to Moses and Jesus and the prophets from their Lord. We do not make a distinction between any of them, and to Him we submit.”
And whoever follows other than submission as a system, it will not be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter he is of the losers.
“God bears truth. Follow the creed of Abraham, monotheism, and he was not of the polytheists.”
The first Sanctuary established for the people is the one in Bakk’a, blessed, and a guidance for the worlds. In it are clear signs: the station of Abraham. And whoever enters it will be secure. And God is owed from the people to make Pilgrimage to the Sanctuary, whoever can make a path to it.
And whoever rejects, then God has no need of the worlds.
Or do they envy the people for what God has given them of His bounty? We have given the descendants of Abraham the Book and the wisdom; We have given them a great kingship.
And who is better in the system than the one who submits himself to God, and he is a good doer, and he follows the creed of Abraham in monotheism? And God took Abraham as a friend.
We have inspired you as We had inspired Noah and the prophets after him. And We had inspired Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the Patriarchs,
and Jesus, and Job, and Jonah, and Aaron, and Solomon; and We gave David the Psalms.
And Abraham said to his father, Azar:
“Will you take statues as gods? I see you and your people are clearly misguided.”
And it is such that We showed Abraham the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, so that he will be of those who have certainty. When the night covered him, he saw a planet, and he said:
“This is my Lord.”
But when it disappeared he said:
“I do not like those who disappear.”
So when he saw the moon rising, he said:
“This is my Lord.”
But when it disappeared he said:
“If my Lord does not guide me, then I will be among the wicked people!”
So when he saw the sun rising, he said:
“This is my Lord, this is bigger.”
But when it disappeared he said:
“My people, I am innocent of what you have set up.”
“I shall turn my face to the One who initiated the heavens and the earth, in monotheism, and I am not of the polytheists.”
And his people debated with him. He said:
“Do you debate with me regarding God, when He has guided me? I do not fear that which you have set up except if my Lord wills; my Lord encompasses all things in knowledge; will you not remember?” “And how can I possibly fear what you have set up; yet you do not fear that you have set up partners with God, for which He has not sent down upon you any authority!
So which of our two groups is more worthy of security if you know?”
Those who believe and do not confound their belief with wrongdoing; they will have security, and they are guided.
And such was Our argument that We gave Abraham over his people; We raise the degree of whom We please.
Your Lord is Wise, Knowledgeable. And We granted him Isaac and Jacob, both of whom We guided; and Noah We guided from before; and from his progeny is David, and Solomon, and Job, and Joseph, and Moses, and Aaron.
It is such that We recompense the good doers.
Those to whom We have given the Book, and the law,
and the prophethood, if they reject it, then We will entrust it to a people who will not reject it.
“My Lord has guided me to a straight path, an upright system,
the creed of Abraham the monotheist; he was not of the polytheists.”
“My contact prayer, and my rites, and my life, and my death,
are all to God, Lord of the worlds.” “He has no partner, and it is to this that I was commanded, and I am the first of those who have submitted.”
And Abraham seeking forgiveness for his father was only because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became clear that he was the enemy of God,
he disowned him. Abraham was kind, compassionate.
And Our messengers came to Abraham with good news,
and he made no delay in bringing a roasted calf.
But when he saw that their hands did not go towards it,
he mistrusted them, and he began to have fear of them.
“Have no fear, we have been sent to the people of Lot.”
And his wife was standing, so she laughed when We gave her the good news of Isaac, and after Isaac, Jacob.
“O my! Shall I give birth when I am an old woman, and here is my husband an old man? This is indeed a strange thing!”
“Do you wonder at the decree of God? The mercy of God and blessings are upon you O people of the Sanctuary.
He is Praiseworthy, Glorious.”
So when the shock left Abraham, and the good news was delivered to him, he began to argue with Us for the people of Lot. Abraham was compassionate, kind, obedient.
“O Abraham, turn away from this. The command of your Lord has been passed, and a retribution that will not be turned back is coming for them.”
And as such, your Lord has chosen you, and He teaches you the interpretation of the narrations, and He completes His blessings upon you and upon the descendants of Jacob,
as He completed it for your fathers before that, Abraham and Isaac. Your Lord is Knowledgeable, Wise .
“And I have followed the creed of my fathers Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob. It was not for us to set up partners with God at all. That is the blessings of God over us and over the people, but most of the people are not thankful.”
And Abraham said:
“My Lord, make this a peaceful land, and keep me and my sons away from serving statues.” “My Lord, they have misguided many from among the people.
So, whoever follows me, then he is of me, and whoever disobeys me, then You are Forgiving, Merciful.”
“Our Lord, I have resided some from my progeny
in a valley with no vegetation, near your Restricted Sanctuary.
My Lord, so that they may hold the contact prayer.
So let the hearts of the people incline towards them
and give provisions to them of the fruits that they may give thanks.” “Our Lord, you know what we hide and what we declare. And nothing at all is hidden from God on the earth or in the heavens.” “Praise be to God who has granted me to my old age Ishmael and Isaac; my Lord is Hearer of the prayer.”
“My Lord, let me hold the contact prayer, and also from my progeny. Our Lord, and accept my prayer.”
“Our Lord, forgive me and my parents, and the believers on the Day the judgment is called.”
And inform them of the guests of Abraham.
When they entered upon him, they said:
“We are worrisome of you.”
“Do not worry, we bring you good news of a knowledgeable son.”
“What good news can you bring me when old age has come upon me? Is that your good news?”
“We have brought you good news with the truth,
so do not be of those in denial.”
“And who would deny the mercy of his Lord except the misguided ones!”
“What then is your affair, O messengers?”
“We have been sent to a people who are criminals.”
“Except for the family of Lot, we will save them all.”
“Except for his wife, we have evaluated that she will be with those destroyed.”
Abraham was a nation, dutiful to God, a monotheist, and he was not of the polytheists. Thankful for His blessings.
He chose him and guided him to a straight path.
And We gave him good in this world, and in the Hereafter he is of the upright ones.
Then We inspired to you:
“You shall follow the creed of Abraham, monotheism, and he was not of the polytheists.”
And recall in the Book, Abraham; he was a man of truth, a prophet.
When he said to his father:
“O father, why do you serve what does not hear or see, nor help you in anything?”
“My father, knowledge has come to me which did not come to you. So follow me that I will guide you to a level path.”
“My father, do not serve the devil. For the devil was ever disobedient to the Almighty.” “My father, I fear that a retribution will inflict you from the Almighty
and that you will become an ally to the devil."
“Have you abandoned my gods O Abraham? If you do not stop this, I will stone you; and let me be.”
“Peace be upon you, I will ask forgiveness for you from my Lord. He has been most kind to me.”
“And I will abandon you and what you call on besides God.
And I will implore my Lord, hoping that I will not be mischievous in imploring my Lord.”
So when he abandoned them and what they served besides God, We granted him Isaac and Jacob, and each of them We made a prophet. And We granted them from Our mercy,
and We made for them a tongue of truthfulness to be heard.
And before that We gave Abraham his understanding, and We were aware of him.
As he said to his father and people:
“What are these images to which you are devoted?”
“We found our fathers worshipping them.”
“You and your fathers have been clearly misguided.”
“Have you come to us with the truth, or are you simply playing?”
“No, your lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth,
the One who initiated them. And I bear witness to such.”
“And by God, I will plan against your statues after you have gone away and given your backs.”
So he broke them into pieces except for the biggest of them,
so that they may turn to him.
“Who has done this to our gods? He is surely one of the wicked. “
“We heard a young man mentioning them. He was called Abraham.”
“Bring him before the eyes of the people so that they may be witness.”
“Did you do this to our gods O Abraham?”
“It was the biggest one of them here who did it, so ask them,
if they do speak!”
So they turned and said to themselves:
“It is indeed ourselves who have been wicked!”
Then they returned to their old ideas:
“You know that they do not speak!”
“Do you serve besides God
that which does not benefit you at all nor harm you?”
“I am fed-up of you and to what you serve besides God!
Do you not comprehend?”
“If you are to do anything, then burn him, and give victory to your gods.”
“O fire, be cool and safe upon Abraham.”
And they wanted to plan against him, but We made them the losers. And We saved him and Lot to the land which We have blessed in for the worlds. And We granted him Isaac and Jacob afterward, and each of them We made a good doer.
And We made them leaders who guide by Our command, and We inspired them to do good works and hold the contact prayer and contribute towards purification, and they were in service to Us.
And We have appointed to Abraham the location of the House:
“Do not set up anyone with Me, and purify My House for those who visit, and those who are standing, and the kneeling, the prostrating.”
And call out to the people with the Pilgrimage, they will come to you walking and on every transport, they will come from every deep enclosure. So that they may witness benefits for themselves, and mention the name of God in the appointed days over what He has provided for them of the animal livestock. So eat from it and feed the needy and the poor.
Then let them complete their duties and fulfill their vows, and let them traverse at the ancient House. Thus, and whoever honors the restrictions of God, then it is better for him with His Lord. And the livestock has been made lawful for you;
except what is being recited to you; so avoid the foulness of idols and avoid saying false statements.
Monotheists to God, not setting up anything with Him.
And whoever sets up partners with God,
then it is as if he has fallen from the sky and the birds snatch him or the wind takes him to a place far off.
Thus, and whoever honors the symbols of God, then it is from the piety of the hearts.
And strive in the cause of God its truly deserved striving.
He is the One who has chosen you, and He has made no hardship for you in the system, the creed of your father Abraham; He is the One who named you
‘those who have submitted’ from before and in this.
So let the messenger be witness over you and you be witness over the people. So hold the bond and contribute towards purification and hold tight to God, He is your patron.
What an excellent Patron, and what an excellent Supporter.
And recite to them the news of Abraham.
When he said to his father and his people:
“What do you worship?”
“We worship statues; thus we stay devoted to them.”
“Do they hear you when you call to them?”
“Or do they benefit you or harm you?”
“No, but we found our fathers doing the same.”
“Do you see that which you have been worshipping.”
“You and your fathers of old.” “They are enemies to me, except for the Lord of the worlds.” “The One who has created me, He will guide me.” “And He is the One who feeds me and gives me to drink.” “And if I am sick, He is the One who cures me.” “And the One who will make me die and then bring me to life.” “And the One whom I hope will forgive my mistakes
on the Day of Judgment.” “My Lord, grant me authority and join me with the good doers.” “And give me a tongue that is true for those who will follow.” “And make me of the inheritors of gardens of bliss.” “And forgive my father, for he was of those misguided.” “And do not disgrace me on the Day when they are resurrected.” “The Day when no money or sons can help.” “Except for he who comes to God with a pure heart.”
And Abraham when he said to his people:
“Serve God and be aware of Him, that is better for you if only you knew.” “You are worshipping nothing except idols besides Him, and you are creating fabrications. Those that you worship besides God do not possess for you any provision,
so seek with God the provision and serve Him and be thankful to Him; to Him you will return.” “And if you disbelieve, then nations before you have also disbelieved.”
The messenger is only required to deliver clearly.
Did they not observe how God initiates the creation then He returns it? All that for God is easy to do.
“Roam the earth and observe how the creation was initiated.
Thus God will establish the final creation. God is capable of all things.” “God will punish whom He wills and He will have mercy on whom He wills, and to Him you will return.”
“And you will not be able to escape this fact, on the earth or in the heavens, nor do you have besides God any ally or victor.”
And those who rejected the revelations of God and in meeting Him; those have forsaken My mercy; and they will have a painful retribution.
But the only response from his people was their saying:
“Kill him, or burn him.”
But God saved him from the fire. In this are signs for a people who believe.
And he said:
“You have taken idols besides God in order to preserve some friendship among you in this worldly life. But then, on the Day of Resurrection, you will reject one another, and curse one another. Your destiny is Hell, and you will have no victors.”
Lot believed with him and said:
“I am emigrating to my Lord. He is the Noble, the Wise.”
And We granted him Isaac and Jacob,
and We made within his progeny the prophethood and the Book. And We gave him his reward in this world, and in the Hereafter he is among the righteous.
And Lot, when he said to his people:
“You commit a lewdness that no others in the world have done before!” “You sexually approach men, and you commit highway robbery, and you bring all vice to your society.”
But the only response from his people was to say:
“Bring us the retribution of God, if you are being truthful!”
“My Lord, grant me victory over the wicked people.”
And when Our messengers came to Abraham with good news,
“We are to destroy the people of such a town, for its people have been wicked.”
“But Lot is in it!”
“We are fully aware of who is in it. We will save him and his family, except his wife; she is of those doomed.”
And when We took from the prophets their covenant.
And from you, and from Noah, and Abraham, and Moses, and Jesus, son of Mary; We took from them a solemn covenant.
So that the truthful may be asked about their truthfulness,
and He has prepared for the rejecters a painful retribution.
Peace be upon Noah among the worlds. It is such that We reward the righteous. He is of Our believing servants. Then We drowned the others. And from his clan was Abraham. For he came to his Lord with a pure heart.
When he said to his father and his people:
What are you worshiping? Is it fabricated gods, instead of God, that you want? What do you say of the Lord of the worlds?
Then he looked towards the stars. And he said:
I am ill!
So they turned away from him and departed.
He then went to their gods and said:
Can you not eat? What is the matter, you do not speak?
So he then turned on them, striking with his hand. Then they approached him outraged.
Do you worship what you carve? While God has created you, and all that you make!
Build for him a structure, and then throw him into its fire.
So they wanted to plan against him, but We made them the losers.
And he said:
I am going to my Lord; He will guide me. My Lord, grant me from among the righteous.
So We gave him good news of a compassionate child.
And when he grew enough to work with him,
My son, I am seeing in a dream that I am sacrificing you.
What do you think?
O my father, do what you are commanded to do. You will find me, God willing, patient.
So when they both had submitted, and he was laid by his forehead.
And We called him:
O Abraham, You have carried out the vision. It was such that We rewarded the righteous. Surely, this was an exacting test.
And We ransomed him with a great animal sacrifice. And We kept his history for those who came later. Peace be upon Abraham. It is thus that We reward the righteous.
He was of Our believing servants. And We gave him the good news of the coming of Isaac, a prophet from among the righteous. And We blessed him and Isaac. And from among their progeny, some are righteous, and some are clearly wicked.
And recall Our servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
They were resourceful, and with vision. We had chosen them to enforce awareness of the Hereafter. And they are with Us of the elite, the best.
He has decreed for you the same system He ordained for Noah, and what We inspired to you, and what We ordained for Abraham, Moses, and Jesus:
You shall uphold this system, and do not divide in it.
Intolerable for the polytheists is what you invite them towards. God chooses for Himself whoever He wills;
He guides to Himself those who repent.
And when Abraham said to his father and his people:
I am innocent of that which you worship. Except for the One who initiated me, He will guide me.
And he made it a word to last in his subsequent generations;
perhaps they may turn back.
Has the narrative of the noble guests of Abraham come to you?
When they entered upon him, they said:
Peace to a people unknown!
Then he went to his family and brought a fat calf. He offered it to them,
Do you not eat?
He then became fearful of them. They said:
Do not fear, and they gave him good news of a knowledgeable son.
His wife then approached in amazement. She slapped upon her face,
A barren old woman!
It was such that your Lord has said. He is the Wise, the Knowledgeable.
What is your undertaking, O messengers?
We have been sent to a criminal people. To send down upon them stones of clay. Prepared by your Lord for the transgressors. We then vacated from it all the believers.
But We only found in it one house of those who had submitted.
And We left in it a sign for those who fear the painful retribution. And also Moses, for We sent him to Pharaoh with a clear authority. But he and his camp turned away, and said:
A magician, or crazy.
So We took him and his troops; We cast them into the sea, and he was to blame. And also Aad, for We sent upon them the barren wind. Anything that it came upon was utterly destroyed. And also Thamud, for it was said to them: Enjoy for a while. But they rebelled against the command of their Lord.
So the lightning struck them while they were looking.
They were unable to rise up, nor could they win.
And the people of Noah before; they were a wicked people.
And the heaven We constructed with resources, and We are expanding it. And the earth We furnished; so glory to the Makers. And of everything We created a pair, perhaps you may remember. So turn towards God. I am to you from Him a clear warner. And do not make any other god with God. I am to you from Him a clear warner.
Likewise, when a messenger went to those before them, they said:
A magician, or crazy.
Have they passed down this saying to each other?
Indeed, they are a wicked people. So turn away from them;
you will not be blamed. And remind, for the reminder benefits the believers. I did not create the Jinn and mankind except to serve Me. I need no provisions from them, nor do I need them to give food. God is the Provider, the One with Power, the Supreme. The transgressors will have the same fate as their previous friends; so let them not be hasty. So woe to those who rejected from the Day that is waiting for them.
Or was he not informed of the teachings in the scripts of Moses? And of Abraham who fulfilled?
And We had sent Noah and Abraham,
and We placed in their progeny the prophethood and the Book.
Some of them were guided, while many were wicked. Then We sent in their tracks Our messengers. And We sent Jesus, son of Mary, and We gave him the Gospel, and We ordained in the hearts of his followers kindness and mercy. But they invented Monasticism which We never decreed for them.
They wanted to please God, but they did not observe it the way it should have been observed.
Consequently, We gave those who believed among them their recompense, while many of them were wicked.
There has been a good example set for you by Abraham
and those with him,
when they said to their people:
We are innocent from you and what you serve besides God.
We have rejected you, and it appears that there shall be animosity and hatred between us and you until you believe in God alone.
Except for the saying of Abraham to his father:
I will ask forgiveness for you, but I do not possess any power to protect you from God. Our Lord, we have put our trust in You, and we turn to You, and to You is the final destiny.
Our Lord, do not let us become a test for those who rejected,
and forgive us. Our Lord, You are the Noble, the Wise.
Certainly, a good example has been set by them
for those who seek God and the Last Day. And whoever turns away, then God is the Rich, the Praiseworthy.
This has been revealed in the previous scripts. The scripts of Abraham and Moses.